Ecocriticism can be described in very general terms as the investigation of the many ways in which culture and the environment are interrelated and conceptualized. Ecocriticism aspires to understand and often to celebrate the natural world, yet it does so indirectly by focusing primarily on written texts. Hailed as one of the most timely and provocative developments in literary and cultural studies of recent decades, it has also been greeted with bewilderment or scepticism by those for whom its aims and methods are unclear. This book seeks to bring into view the development of ecocriticism in the context of Canadian literary studies. Selections include work by Margaret Atwood, Northrop Frye, Sherrill Grace, and Rosemary Sullivan.
With contributions by: Margaret Atwood Pamela Banting D.M.R. Bentley Carrie Dawson MisaoDean Adam Dickinson Northrop Frye Sherrill E. Grace Nelson Gray Gabriele Helms Linda Hutcheon Jenny Kerber Cheryl Lousley Travis V. Mason Linda Morra Heather Murray Susie O'Brien Stephanie Posthumus Laurie Ricou Elise Salaun Catriona Sandilands Rosemary Sullivan Rita Wong
About the authors
Ella Soper is a lecturer in the Department of English and Drama at the University of Toronto Mississauga, in the Department of English at University of Toronto Scarborough, and in the Faculty of Environmental Studies at York University.
Nicholas Bradley is an associate professor in the Department of English at the University of Victoria. He is the editor of We Go Far Back in Time: The Letters of Earle Birney and Al Purdy, 1947–1987 (2014) and An Echo in the Mountains: Al Purdy after a Century (2020), and the author of Rain Shadow (2018). He is also an associate editor of the journal Canadian Literature.
Northrop Frye (1912-1991) was one of Canada's most distinguished men of letters. His first book, Fearful Symmetry, published in 1947, transformed the study of the poet William Blake, and over the next forty years he transformed the study of literature itself. Among his most influential books are Anatomy of Criticism (1957), The Educated Imagination (1963), The Bush Garden (1971), and The Great Code (1982). Northrop Frye on Shakespeare (1986) won the Governor General's Award for Non-Fiction. A professor at the University of Toronto, Frye gained an international reputation for his wide-reaching critical vision. He lectured at universities around the world and received many awards and honours, including thirty-six honorary degrees.
Margaret Atwood was born in 1939 in Ottawa and grew up in northern Ontario, Quebec, and Toronto. She received her undergraduate degree from Victoria College at the University of Toronto and her master's degree from Radcliffe College.
Throughout her writing career, Margaret Atwood has received numerous awards and honourary degrees. She is the author of more than fifty volumes of poetry, children’s literature, fiction, and non-fiction and is perhaps best known for her novels, which include The Edible Woman (1970), The Handmaid's Tale (1983), The Robber Bride (1994), Alias Grace (1996), and The Blind Assassin, which won the prestigious Booker Prize in 2000. Atwood's dystopic novel, Oryx and Crake, was published in 2003. The Tent (mini-fictions) and Moral Disorder (short stories) both appeared in 2006. Her most recent volume of poetry, The Door, was published in 2007. Her non-fiction book, Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth, part of the Massey Lecture series, appeared in 2008, and her most recent novel, The Year of the Flood, in the autumn of 2009. Ms. Atwood's work has been published in more than forty languages, including Farsi, Japanese, Turkish, Finnish, Korean, Icelandic and Estonian. In 2004 she co-invented the Long Pen TM.
Margaret Atwood currently lives in Toronto with writer Graeme Gibson.
ROSEMARY SULLIVAN is an acclaimed biographer, poet and editor. She is the author of nine books of non-fiction, including Villa Air-Bel, which was awarded a Canadian Jewish Book Award; Labyrinth Of Desire: Women, Passion and Romantic Obsession; By Heart: Elizabeth Smart—A Life and the #1 bestseller The Red Shoes: Margaret Atwood, Starting Out. Her biography of Gwendolyn MacEwen, Shadow Maker, won the Governor General’s Literary Award for Non-fiction, the Canadian Authors Association Literary Award, the Toronto Book Award and the University of British Columbia Medal for Canadian Biography. Sullivan’s journalistic pieces have won her a National Magazine Awards silver medal and a Western Journalism first prize for travelogue; her academic honours include Killam, Trudeau and Guggenheim fellowships. She lives in Toronto, where she is a professor of English at the University of Toronto.
Sherrill E. Grace is professor of English, University of British Columbia, and the author of Inventing Tom Thomson.
Heather Murray is Associate Professor in the Department of English at the University of Toronto.
D.M.R. Bentley is a professor of English at the University of Western Ontario. He is the editor of Canadian Poetry: Studies, Documents, Reviews and the author of numerous books and articles on Canadian and Victorian poetry.
Laurie Ricou is a Professor of English at the University of British Columbia. He is a former president of the Western Literature Association, and currently edits Canadian Literature. His previous publications include Vertical Man/Horizontal World: Man and Landscape in Canadian Prairie Fiction (0-7748-0023-2), A Field Guide to “A Guide to Dungeness Spit” (0-88982-165-8), and The Arbutus/Madrone Files: Reading the Pacific Northwest (1-896300-43-X). Ricou currently lives in Vancouver, BC.
Linda Hutcheon holds the rank of University Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Toronto. A specialist in postmodernist culture and in critical theory, on which she has published nine books, she has also worked collaboratively in large projects involving hundreds of scholars.
Jenny Kerber teaches in the areas of Canadian and American literature, literary theory, and environmental criticism in the Department of English at the University of Toronto. Her essays on Canadian literary and environmental topics have appeared in Canadian Poetry, Canadian Literature, Essays on Canadian Writing, and Green Letters. This is her first book.
Linda M. Morra is an associate professor in the Department of English at Bishop’s University and the current president of the Quebec Writers’ Federation. She edited the collected letters of Emily Carr and Ira Dilworth published with the University of Toronto Press (2006), and edited and annotated Jane Rule’s Taking My Life (2011).
Stephanie Posthumus is an assistant professor in the Department of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at McGill University.
Rita Wong teaches in Critical + Cultural Studies at the Emily Carr University of Art + Design, Vancouver, BC, Canada, where she has developed a humanities course focused on water, with the support of a fellowship from the Center for Contemplative Mind in Society. She is currently researching the poetics of water, supported by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada: http://downstream.ecuad.ca/ .
Her poems have appeared in anthologies such as Prismatic Publics: Innovative Canadian Women's Poetry and Poetics, Regreen: New Canadian Ecological Poetry, Visions of British Columbia (published for an exhibition at the Vancouver Art Gallery), and Making a Difference: Canadian Multicultural Literature. She has a passion for daylighting buried urban streams and for watershed literacy. Wong can be found on twitter at https://twitter.com/rrrwong.
Misao Dean is a professor in the Department of English at the University of Victoria.
Pamela Banting has taught at the University of Western Ontario and currently teaches at the University of Alberta. She lives and writes in Edmonton.
ADAM DICKINSON was born in Bracebridge, Ontario. He is the author of four books of poetry, including Anatomic(2018), a finalist for the Raymond Souster Award and winner of the Alanna Bondar Memorial Book Prize from the Association for Literature, Environment, and Culture in Canada. His work has been nominated for the Governor General’s Award for Poetry and twice for the Trillium Book Award for Poetry. He was also a finalist for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) Poetry Prize and the K. M. Hunter Artist Award in Literature. His work has been translated into Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, and Polish. He has been featured at international literary festivals such as Poetry International in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and the Oslo International Poetry Festival in Norway. He was also part of the VERSschmuggel poetry translation project hosted in conjunction with Poesiefestival Berlin, Germany. He is a Professor of English and Creative Writing at Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario.
Travis V. Mason teaches English and Canadian studies at Dalhousie and Mount St. Vincent Universities. After completing his Ph.D. at the University of British Columbia, he studied ecopoetry in South Africa as a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow before moving to Halifax to study Canadian literary responses to science with a Killam Postdoctoral Fellowship. His articles have appeared in books and journals, including Canadian Literature, Studies in Canadian Literature, The Dalhousie Review, Kunapipi, and Mosaic.
If a good anthology is one that both lays the foundation and opens the door, Greening the Maple fits the bill. This landmark volume demonstrates that ecocriticism in Canada is well established and is also ripe for questioning and extending.
—Paul Huebener, University of Toronto Quarterly
A fascinating overview of Canadian critical engagement with nature.
—Marinette Grimbeek, European Journal of Literature, Culture, and Environment
Greening the Maple is a must read for those interested in literature and the environment. The collection demonstrates the uniqueness and worth of Canadian ecocriticism and its various origins and trajectories.
—Alec Follett, Alternatives Journal
Other titles by Nicholas Bradley
Other titles by Northrop Frye
The Educated Imagination
The Return of Eden
Five Essays on Milton's Epics
The Valley of Vision
Blake as Prophet and Revolutionary
Design for Learning
Reports Submitted to the Joint Committee of the Toronto Board of Education and the University of Toronto
University of Toronto Installation Lectures, 1958
Northrop Frye's Writings on Shakespeare and the Renaissance
The Bush Garden
Essays on the Canadian Imagination
Northrop Frye's Uncollected Prose
The Secular Scripture and Other Writings on Critical Theory, 1976–1991
Modern Classics: The Great Code
The Bible and Literature
Other titles by Margaret Atwood
This Time, That Place
We Are Still Here
Afghan Women on Courage, Freedom, and the Fight to Be Heard
Essays and Occasional Pieces, 2004-2021
The Handmaid's Tale and The Testaments Box Set
Gentleman Death / Perpetual Motion
Penguin Modern Classics Edition
2021 Women Who Rock Our World Wall Calendar
A Father & Son Discuss God, the Bible and Life
Los testamentos / The Testaments
Other titles by Rosemary Sullivan
The Betrayal of Anne Frank \ ¿Quién traicionó a Ana Frank? (Spanish edition)
La investigación que revela el secreto jamás contado
The Betrayal of Anne Frank
The Betrayal of Anne Frank CD
A Cold Case Investigation
The Betrayal of Anne Frank \ La traicion de Anne Frank (Spanish edition)
Una investigacion de caso sin resolver
Margaret Atwood: Starting Out
Mermaids and Ikons
A Greek Summer
The Extraordinary and Tumultuous Life of Svetlana Alliluyeva
The Guthrie Road
The Bone Ladder
New and Selected Poems
Other titles by Sherrill E. Grace
The Voyage that Never Ends
Malcolm Lowry's Fiction
A Vision of the Orient
Texts, Intertexts, and Contexts of Madame Butterfly
Woman's Way Through Unknown Labrador
A Woman's Way Through Unknown Labrador
Canada and the Idea of North
The Collected Letters of Malcolm Lowry, Volume II: 1947-1957
Swinging the Maelstrom
New Perspectives on Malcolm Lowry
Regression and Apocalypse
Studies in North American Literary Expressionism
Other titles by Heather Murray
Asylum Ways of Seeing
Psychiatric Patients, American Thought and Culture
Not in This Family
Gays and the Meaning of Kinship in Postwar North America
Not Drowning But Waving
Women, Feminism, and the Liberal Arts
Antoinette De Mirecourt
Come, bright Improvement!
The Literary Societies of Nineteenth-Century Ontario
Working in English
History, Institution, Resources
Other titles by D.M.R. Bentley
Other titles by Laurie Ricou
Other titles by Linda Hutcheon
Comparative Literature for the New Century
The Canadian Postmodern
A Study of Contemporary Canadian Fiction, Reissue
Trends in Canadian Art, 1970-1990
The Postwar Novel in Canada
Narrative Patterns and Reader Response
Rethinking Literary History
A Dialogue on Theory
George Woodcock's Introduction to Canadian Fiction
Essays on Verbal and Visual Ironies in Canadian Contemporary Art and Literature
Leonard Cohen and His Works
The Metafictional Paradox