Skip to main content Skip to search Skip to search

Poetry Canadian


by (author) Rita Wong

Nightwood Editions
Initial publish date
Dec 2007
  • Paperback / softback

    Publish Date
    Dec 2007
    List Price

Add it to your shelf

Where to buy it

Recommended Age, Grade, and Reading Levels

  • Age: 16
  • Grade: 11


Winner of the 2008 Dorothy Livesay Poetry Prize
Finalist for the 2008 Asian American Literary Award

Rita Wong's new collection of poems explores how ecological crises relate to the injustices of our international political landscape. Querying the relations between writing and other forms of action, Wong seeks a shift in consciousness through poems that bespeak a range of responses to our world: anger, protest, anxiety, bewilderment, hope and love. In her words, "the next shift may be the biggest one yet, the union of the living, from mosquito to manatee to mom."

Forage is accompanied by marginalia, Chinese characters and photos that give depth to the political context in which most of Wong's poems are situated. She is instructive without being pedantic, and thought-provoking while still calling forth humour and beauty.

About the author

Rita Wong teaches in Critical + Cultural Studies at the Emily Carr University of Art + Design, Vancouver, BC, Canada, where she has developed a humanities course focused on water, with the support of a fellowship from the Center for Contemplative Mind in Society. She is currently researching the poetics of water, supported by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada: .

Her poems have appeared in anthologies such as Prismatic Publics: Innovative Canadian Women's Poetry and Poetics, Regreen: New Canadian Ecological Poetry, Visions of British Columbia (published for an exhibition at the Vancouver Art Gallery), and Making a Difference: Canadian Multicultural Literature. She has a passion for daylighting buried urban streams and for watershed literacy. Wong can be found on twitter at

Rita Wong's profile page

Editorial Reviews

Without engagement, environmentalism is just tourism. What was Wong going to do in this book, and how was she going to deliver? Deliver she does, too ... Plus the poetry flat out works ... I come away from Forage more aware and more desirous of engagement, and that's a rare thing for me. In the last few years I've only read a half-dozen books with that effect on me, and since I spend most of my reading time looking for this effect, I know what I'm talking about ... I'm looking forward to teaching Forage this fall.
--a href=>book addiction

Forage, recent winner of a BC Book Prize, combines social, political, and economic critique with instances of everyday discomfort and joy ... Wong's poems always function on multiple levels that expose abuses of power while articulating beauty and employing humour.
--Jacqueline Turner, The Georgia Straight

Just when I think Forage is too devastating, the way my heart stops at 'she must make home up' I move out of the 'r' section and into the 'l,' softened from growl (necessary) to love (necessary) as desire we Forage.
--Jill Magi, Boog City New York City's East Village Community Newspaper

[Forage] posits the praxis of poetry -- its attention to alliterations and allusions and parallelism and pastiche -- amidst larger global conversations on the cultural, the social, and the environmental. It is a writ-large, fierce commentary on the current and future state of the globe ...
--Mark Nowak, Harriet: A Blog from the Poetry Foundation

This book is a dynamic mixture of styles--ranging from the lyric to the list to the prose poem--addressing a litany of public and personal injustices ... This diverse collection coheres because of the author's voice, which is emboldened by a sense of sheer affront and the need to find 'ground to push against, red earth/ bloody earth, stolen earth.'
--Aaron Giovannone, Canadian Literature

Forage, Rita Wong's second collection, is poetry that attacks modern power politics and attempts to modernize traditional poetics without stripping them of their value.

These are poems that find their voice in the didactic. Indeed, the instructional nature of Wong's poems often feels like a conscious attempt to barrage the reader with syntactical information rather than poetic concern, perhaps mirroring the obscene amount of information North Americans consume daily ...

The book's marginalia are arresting and provide needed instances of poetic subtlety. Chinese characters adorn the borders, and early photographs of Chinese labourers add dynamism to the work. The deliberate lack of order and punctuation makes a silent reading of this collection confusing, but these poems find a more vibrant voice when read aloud.
--Evie Christie, Quill and Quire

Forage, Rita Wong's eagerly awaited second collection, [winner of] the Dorothy Livesay Award, is a series of entreaties, vilifications and chants that take on hyper-capitalism in the form of Monsanto Foods and the US military-industrial establishment. Divided into two sections: rise/riven/rice and lore/loose/lode, the book addresses the trickledown effect of pollution set in motion by First World technology, the sting of racism and the loss of one's mother tongue through assimilation.
--Peter Richardson, Arc

Forage is a book to be read intensely; no one should ever try to scan this style of writing. The effort required to read Forage properly will certainly be repaid.
--Rob MacLeod, Canadian Bookseller

Rita Wong's Forage is a delightful read in that in unites language play with a rigorous lyrical meditation on the late capitalist milieu ... Wong is a highly talented lyrical technician, at ease with the ways that words can construct meaning against each other in almost violent juxtaposition. At the same time, the wonderfully textured semantic landscape is always-already tempered with Wong's progressive politic. The collection would be an easy fit for any course on contemporary poetics or Asian "American" literature.
--Stephen Sohn, a href=>livejournal

It isn't surprising that Rita Wong's Forage won this year's Dorothy Livesay Award, the poetry component of BC's roster of provincial book prizes. It embodies pretty well everything we've come to think of as British Columbian--environmentalism, political activism, and multiculturalism with a distinctly Asian flair.

From its cover, which depicts a landfill overburdened with outmoded electronic devices, to the handwritten quotes that encircle so many of the poems, this book is all its own, distinctive even in how its pages look. It might best be described as a literary collage--one that explores a number of forms, and employs Chinese characters and long quoted passages within its various texts. The sources for these cited passages reveal much about Wong's eclectic reading. Her inspirations come from such diverse thinkers and artists as Northrop Frye, Rachel Carson, and Laurie Anderson.

Many of the poems see Wong skewering various players in the corporate world. Sample from this bundle; picture first the fact that the poem is encircled with tiny, careful letters, spelling out one of the book's many horrifying bits of information about Monsanto--how the company had to pull some of its genetically modified seeds "after testing revealed that at least one of the patented herbicide-tolerant transgenic varieties contained an 'unexpected' gene." Even in the face of such a horrific statement, the poem uses language almost playfully in its condemnations: "vulture capital hovers over dinner tables, covers hospitals a sorrowful shade of canola ... despite misgivings i blurt, don't shoot the messy angels" (36). This poem, "canola queasy," isn't the only one where language games are evident. Among other influences, Wong acknowledges the Kootenay School of Writing. Consider this section from a piece called "trickledrown infect": "intermittent insistence sinister complicity stillborn mister minister / toxic tinctures stinking pistols stricken cysts or cynical sisters / strychnine biscuits kiss or desist" (48)

Part of the recently revived blewointment imprint from Nightwood Editions, this book is experimental on many levels. Visual manifestations range from prose poems to word lists, to poems that are left-margined or broken into double columns, as if they were a news article. Even photographs play their part, enhancing the poems.

But beyond the quirky design and appearance of the work in these pages, its real power lies in the content of her message. From the almost-title piece, "forage, fumage":

how does one say give back in seminole? in salishan? route through the land's indigenous languages, bend inglish towards their spirits

verb the kanata, verb the ottawa, verb the saskatchewan, the manitoba, quebec, start in the middle of rupert's lament and work out, start from the coasts and work in, start

lament kneels, redress, roams, navigate through hairshirts, armor, corporate crime, factory farms, invoke camaraderie's rough surfaces

lament, foment, reinvent" (30)

Forage presents a thoroughly modern view of our times. The poems speak to the future, and perhaps represent something of the future of language in literature. It will be interesting to see how Wong follows up on this startling book.
--Heidi Greco, Prairie Fire

Forage strikes me as a fierce achievement -- a summing up, for the poet so far, of her wisdom and her poetic practice, utilizing two languages and two cultures. It is a formidable fusion.
--George Elliott Clarke, The Halifax Chronicle Herald

Librarian Reviews


These poems constitute a multimedia, multicultural collage on the current state of the planet. The poet questions aspects of the corporate world, raising important issues about the practices of Monsanto, Pepsi, Canwest and others. She uses language in bold and playful ways: “unable to bear the wart on error, / war-torn era, warped shorn blare on…” integrating quotes from a breadth of sources—Laurie Anderson, Rachel Carson, Northrup Frye. Some passages are handwritten around the edges of the poem, as if encasing the work. These often experimental poems, present a thoroughly modern view of our times. Wong’s work reflects her Asian background and acknowledges the culture of several Aboriginal groups. Students of Chinese heritage may find deeper meanings in those pieces.

This book was the 2008 recipient of the BC Book Prizes, Dorothy Livesay Poetry Prize.

Caution: Includes occasional coarse language.

Source: The Association of Book Publishers of BC. BC Books for BC Schools. 2008-2009.

Other titles by Rita Wong

Current, Climate

The Poetry of Rita Wong

by (author) Rita Wong
edited by Nicholas Bradley


a poem as long as the river

by (author) Fred Wah & Rita Wong

Luminous Ink

Writers on Writing in Canada

edited by Tessa McWatt, Rabindranath Maharaj & Dionne Brand
contributions by Margaret Atwood, Madeleine Thien, M.G. Vassanji, Lawrence Hill, Pascale Quiviger, Nino Ricci, Sheila Fischman, Heather O'Neill, Camilla Gibb, Eden Robinson, Lee Maracle, Rawi Hage, Michael Helm, Lisa Moore, Rita Wong, Hiromi Goto, George Elliott Clarke, Nicole Brossard, Judith Thompson, David Chariandy, Richard Van Camp, Marie-Hélène Poitras, Stephen Henighan, Greg Hollingshead, Michael Ondaatje & Leanne Betasamosake Simpson


reimagining water

edited by Dorothy Christian & Rita Wong


by (author) Rita Wong & Cindy Mochizuki


by (author) Rita Wong

Greening the Maple

Canadian Ecocriticism in Context

edited by Ella Soper & Nicholas Bradley
contributions by Northrop Frye, Margaret Atwood, Rosemary Sullivan, Sherrill E. Grace, Heather Murray, D.M.R. Bentley, Laurie Ricou, Linda Hutcheon, Gabriele Helms, Susie O'Brien, Jenny Kerber, Catriona Sandilands, Cheryl Lousley, Linda Morra, Stephanie Posthumus, Elise Salaun, Rita Wong, Misao Dean, Carrie Dawson, Pamela Banting, Adam Dickinson, Travis V. Mason & Nelson Gray

sybil unrest

by (author) Larissa Lai & Rita Wong

Writing the Terrain

Travelling Through Alberta with the Poets

contributions by Ian Adam, Robert Stamp, Tammy Armstrong, Margaret Avison, Douglas Barbour, John O. Barton, Doug Beardsley, Bonnie Bishop, E.D. Blodgett, Robert Boates, George Bowering, Tim Bowling, Jan Boydol, Gordon Burles, Murdoch Burnett, Anne Campbell, Weyman Chan, Leonard Cohen, Dennis Cooley, Joan Crate, Michael Cullen, Cyril Dabydeen, Lorne Daniel, Alexa DeWiel, Jason Dewinetz, ryan fitzpatrick, Cecelia Frey, Gary Geddes, Gail Ghai, Deborah Godin, Jim Green, Leslie Greentree, Vivian Hansen, Tom Henihan, Michael Henry, Walter Hildebrandt, Gerald Hill, Robert Hilles, Nancy Holmes, Richard Hornsey, Tom Howe, Aislinn Hunter, Bruce Hunter, Laurence Hutchman, Sally Ito, Pauline Johnson, Aleksei Kazuk, Robert Kroetsch, Fiona Lam, William Latta, Tim Lilburn, Alice Major, Kim Maltman, Miriam Mandel, Sid Marty, David McFadden, Barry McKinnon, Erin Michie, Deborah Miller, Anna Mioduchowska, James M. Moir, Colin Morton, Erin Moure, Charles Noble, P.K. Page, Rajinderpal Pal, Ruth Roach Pierson, Joseph Pivato, Roberta Rees, D.C. Reid, Monty Reid, R. rickey, Ken Rivard, Stephen Scobie, Allan Serafino, Joan Shillington, Greg Simison, Carol Ann Sokoloff, Karen Solie, Stephan Stephansson, Peter Stevens, Ivan Sundal, Anne Swannell, Vanna Tessier, Colleen Thibadeau, John O. Thompson, James M. Thurgood, Eva Tihanyi, Yvonne Trainer, Aritha van Herk, Rosalee van Stelten, Miriam Waddington, James Wreford Watson, Wilfred Watson, Tom Wayman, Phyllis Webb, Jon Whyte, Christine Wiesenthal, Sheri-D Wilson, Christopher Wiseman, Stacie Wolfer, Rita Wong, Richard Woollatt & Jan Zwicky

Related lists