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History Post-confederation (1867-)

The Triumph of Citizenship

The Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941-67

by (author) Patricia E. Roy

UBC Press
Initial publish date
Nov 2011
Post-Confederation (1867-), Emigration & Immigration, NON-CLASSIFIABLE, Civil Rights, Discrimination & Race Relations, Social History
  • eBook

    Publish Date
    Nov 2011
    List Price
  • Paperback / softback

    Publish Date
    Jan 2008
    List Price
  • Hardback

    Publish Date
    May 2007
    List Price

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Patricia E. Roy is the winner of the 2013 Lifetime Achievement Award, Canadian Historical Association.


Patricia E. Roy examines the climax of antipathy to Asians in Canada: the removal of all Japanese Canadians from the BC coast in 1942. Canada ignored the rights of Japanese Canadians and placed strict limits on Chinese immigration. In response, Japanese Canadians and their supporters in the human rights movement managed to halt “repatriation” to Japan, and Chinese Canadians successfully lobbied for the same rights as other Canadians to sponsor immigrants. The final triumph of citizenship came in 1967, when immigration regulations were overhauled and the last remnants of discrimination removed.

About the author


  • Winner, Patricia E. Roy is the recipient of the Canadian Historical Association's Lifetime Achievement Award for 2013.
  • Short-listed, Sir John A. Macdonald Prize, Canadian Historical Association
  • Short-listed, Hubert Evans Non-Fiction Book Prize, British Columbia Book Awards

Contributor Notes

Patricia E. Roy is professor emerita of History at the University of Victoria and a member of the Royal Society of Canada.

Editorial Reviews

Patricia E. Roy’s two previous books on Anglo-Canadian treatment of the Japanese and Chinese in British Columbia, […] have established her reputation as a leading authority on the subject. The present study extends her inquiry into the tumultuous years of the Pacific War and up to 1967. […] no one has marshalled as much evidence from the political arena and the media to capture the cacophony of the expressed views and to discern the evolving direction as Roy has in this book. Her research in public archives and newspaper collections yields a most comprehensive assemblage of the voices of government leaders and politicians, and also of local reactions not only across the country but also community by community across British Columbia.

International History Review

Librarian Reviews

The Triumph of Citizenship: The Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941–67

In this book, Roy traces how Chinese and Japanese immigrants and their descendants in BC eventually gained Canadian citizenship despite racist government policy and public opinion. She discusses the declaration to evacuate Japanese immigrants from the west coast at the beginning of WWII. In addition, she details the effects of the war on the Chinese and the end of exclusive Chinese immigration restrictions. The Triumph of Citizenship reminds all Canadians of the values and limits of their citizenship. The book contains extensive chapter notes.

Roy is Professor Emerita of History at the University of Victoria and a member of the Royal Society of Canada.

Source: The Association of Book Publishers of BC. BC Books for BC Schools. 2008-2009.

Other titles by Patricia E. Roy