A treaty is a contract. A treaty is enduring. A treaty is an act of faith. A treaty at its best is justice. It is a document and an undertaking. It is connected to place, people and self. It is built on the past, but it also indicates how the future may unfold. Armand Garnet Ruffo's TREATY# is all of these. In this far-ranging work, Ruffo documents his observations on life &ndash and in the process, his own life &ndash as he sets out to restructure relationships and address obligations nation-to-nation, human-to-human, human-to-nature. Now, he undertakes a new phase in its restoration. He has written his TREATY# like a palimpsest over past representations of Indigenous bodies and beliefs, built powerful connections to his predecessors, and discovered new ways to bear witness and build a place for them, and all of us, in his poems. This is a major new work from an important, original voice.
Armand Garnet Ruffo is the author of the biography Norval Morrisseau: Man Changing into Thunderbird and three books of poetry: Opening In the Sky; Grey Owl: The Mystery of Archie Belaney and At Geronimo's Grave. In addition to writing an award-winning film, A Windigo Tale, he has also edited and co-edited (Ad)Dressing Our Words: Aboriginal Perspectives on Aboriginal Literatures and An Anthology of Canadian Native Literature in English. His latest work, Introduction to Indigenous Literary Criticism in Canada (edited with Heather Macfarlane), collects twenty-six seminal critical essays indispensable to our understanding of the rapidly growing field of Indigenous literatures. He is also an associate professor in the Department of English and cross-appointed with the Department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures at Queen's University.