Bureaucracies, including large corporations and governmental agencies, are based on hierarchy and prone to secrecy. They encourage highly specialized forms of knowledge and structure themselves in compartmentalized ways. In stark contrast, environmental problems cut across all artificial divisions and boundaries.
Managing Leviathan illustrates the nature of environmental problems from genetically modified crops to climate change, from urban sprawl to toxic chemicals to trace pharmaceuticals in our water supply. Understanding these problems, and how they might be resolved, requires that we transcend the divisions of government, economy, and knowledge. Solutions often also require the mobilization of citizen knowledge and values. Are governments and bureaucracies up to the complex task? How might they adapt to be better suited to meet the new environmental challenges that continuously arise?
This extensively revised edition of Managing Leviathan expands from a North American to a global perspective and includes new articles on both European and Australian experiences as well as on transnational environmental issues. The overall pattern is remarkably clear: environmental administration demands integrative thinking and new forms of direct public involvement in governance.
About the authors
ROBERT C. PAEHLKE is a professor emeritus of Environmental and Resource Studies andPolitical Science at Trent University in Peterborough. The founding editor of the journalAlternatives: Canadian Ideas and Action, Paehlke is the author of Democracy's Dilemma, Conservationand Environmentalism, and Environmentalism and the Future of Progressive Politics.
Douglas Torgerson is Professor and Director, Centre for Theory, Culture and Politics, at Trent University. He is the author of The Promise of Green Politics: Environmentalism and the Public Sphere (Duke University Press, 1999) and past editor of the journal Policy Sciences.