Three unprecedented large-scale democratic experiments have recently taken place. Citizen assemblies on electoral reform were conducted in British Columbia, the Netherlands, and Ontario. Groups of randomly selected ordinary citizens were asked to independently design the next electoral system. In each case, the participants spent almost an entire year learning about electoral systems, consulting the public, deliberating, debating, and ultimately deciding what specific institution should be adopted.
When Citizens Decide uses these unique cases to examine claims about citizens' capacity for democratic deliberation and active engagement in policy-making. It offers empirical insight into numerous debates and provides answers to a series of key questions: 1) Are ordinary citizens able to decide about a complex issue? Are their decisions reasonable? 2) Who takes part in such proceedings? Are they dominated by people dissatisfied by the status quo? 3) Do some citizens play a more prominent role than others? Are decisions driven by the most vocal or most informed members? 4) Did the participants decide by themselves? Were they influenced by staff, political parties, interest groups, or the public hearings? 5) Does participation in a deliberative process foster citizenship? Did participants become more trusting, tolerant, open-minded, civic-minded, interested in politics, and active in politics? 6) How do the other political actors react? Can the electorate accept policy proposals made by a group of ordinary citizens?
The analyses rely upon various types of evidence about both the inner workings of the assemblies and the reactions toward them outside: multi-wave panel surveys of assembly members, content analysis of newspaper coverage, and public opinion survey data. The lessons drawn from this research are relevant to those interested in political participation, public opinion, deliberation, public policy, and democracy.
Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.essex.ac.uk/ecpr. The Comparative Politics Series is edited by Professor David M. Farrell, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Kenneth Carty, Professor of Political Science, University of British Columbia, and Professor Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Institute of Political Science, Philipps University, Marburg.
About the authors
Patrick Fournier is Professor of Political Science at the Universitï¿½ de Montrï¿½al.
Andrï¿½ Blais is Professor of Political Science and Canada Research Chair in Electoral Studies at the Universitï¿½ de Montrï¿½al.
Jonathan Rose is Associate Professor of Political Studies at Queen's University.
Other titles by Patrick Fournier
Other titles by R. Kenneth Carty
Big Tent Politics
The Liberal Party’s Long Mastery of Canada’s Public Life
Entering the Eighties (Kobo)
Canada in Crisis
Rebuilding Canadian Party Politics
Party Activists in British Columbia
Politics, Policy, and Government in British Columbia
Politics is Local
National Politics at the Grassroots
L'action des partis politiques dans les circonscriptions au Canada
National Politics and Community in Canada
Entering the Eighties
Canada in Crisis
Other titles by Andre Blais
Essays in Honour of Robert A.Young
The Motivation to Vote
Explaining Electoral Participation
Provincial Battles, National Prize?
Elections in a Federal State
Multi-Level Electoral Politics
Beyond the Second-Order Election Model
Dominance and Decline
Making Sense of Recent Canadian Elections
Political Leaders and Democratic Elections
To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?
The Politics of Electoral Reform
Elections and Democratic Legitimacy
Strengthening Canadian Democracy
Other titles by Jonathan Rose
A Man of Parliament
Selected Speeches from Joe Clark
Introduction to Politics (Queen's U Set)
El arte de la negociacion
Una simulacion sobre la resolucion de conflictos en los paises federales
L'art de la negociation
Une simulation de reglement des conflits dans les pays federes
The Art of Negotiation
A Simulation for Resolving Conflict in Federal States