Blockades have become a common response to Canada's failure to address and resolve the legitimate claims of First Nations. Blockades or Breakthroughs? debates the importance and effectiveness of blockades and occupations as political and diplomatic tools for Aboriginal people.
The adoption of direct action tactics like blockades and occupations is predicated on the idea that something drastic is needed for Aboriginal groups to break an unfavourable status quo, overcome structural barriers, and achieve their goals. But are blockades actually "breakthroughs"? What are the objectives of Aboriginal people and communities who adopt this approach? How can the success of these methods be measured? This collection offers an in-depth survey of occupations, blockades, and their legacies, from 1968 to the present. Individual case studies situate specific blockades and conflicts in historical context, examine each group’s reasons for occupation, and analyze the media labels and frames applied to both Aboriginal and state responses.
Direct action tactics remain a powerful political tool for First Nations in Canada. The authors of Blockades or Breakthroughs? Argue that blockades and occupations are instrumental, symbolic, and complex events that demand equally multifaceted responses.
Contributors include Yale D. Belanger, Tom Flanagan, Sarah King, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, David Rossiter, John Sandlos, Nick Shrubsole, and Timothy Winegard.
About the authors
Yale D. Belanger is associate professor, Native American Studies, and adjunct associate professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lethbridge.P. Whitney Lackenbauer is associate professor and chair of history at St Jerome's University in the University of Waterloo.
P. Whitney Lackenbauer is associate professor and chair of the Department of History at St. Jerome's University in the University of Waterloo, and a faculty associate with the LCMSDS.
Peter Kikkert recently completed his M.A. at the University of Waterloo and is a Ph.D. student in history at the University of Western Ontario.
Other titles by Yale D. Belanger
Other titles by P. Whitney Lackenbauer
North America's Arctic Borders
A World of Change
Understanding Sovereignty and Security in the Circumpolar Arctic
Canada’s Founding Debates, 1864-1999
Roots of Entanglement
Essays in the History of Native-Newcomer Relations
China's Arctic Ambitions and What They Mean for Canada
Navigating Northern Environmental History
A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North
Terrestrial Sovereignty, 1870-1939
The Dundurn Arctic Culture and Sovereignty Library
Pike's Portage/Death Wins in the Arctic/Arctic Naturalist/Arctic Obsession/Arctic Twilight/Arctic Front/Canoeing North Into the Unknown/Arctic Revolution/In the Shadow of the Pole/Voices From the Odeyak
The Canadian Rangers
A Living History
In the National Interest
Canadian Foreign Policy and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, 1909-2009