La controverse entoure les plateformes d’économie de partage, partiellement en raison de leur impact économique. Certains secteurs subissent des contrecoups de manière plus aigüe : les chauffeurs d’Uber font concurrence aux chauffeurs de taxi, ou les hôtes Airbnb rivalisent avec les hôtels. Par ailleurs, Uber exacerberait l’emploi précaire et mal rémunéré tandis qu’Airbnb amplifierait la spéculation immobilière et entraînerait, à terme, une hausse du coût de location.
On a tenté de réglementer ce type de plateformes, mais la technologie est telle qu’elle permet aux entreprises d’aisément contourner la réglementation conventionnelle, si bien que les accusations de « concurrence déloyale » fusent de toutes parts, provoquant une remise en question du cadre réglementaire. En effet, de telles plateformes viennent brouiller les cartes, confondant les distinctions convenues entre personnel et commercial, infrastructure et contenu, autonomie contractuelle et contrôle hiérarchique. Cette ambiguïté peut avoir d’importantes répercussions sur le bon fonctionnement de l’appareil réglementaire qui encadre les principes organisateurs du travail, de la concurrence, de l’impôt, de l’assurance, de l’information et de de l’interdiction de la discrimination, sans parler de la réglementation sectorielle spécialisée.
Cinq thématiques sont abordées dans cet ouvrage : les technologies de la réglementation; la réglementation de la technologie; les lieux de la réglementation (du local au mondial); la réglementation des marchés; et la réglementation du travail. Les chapitres se conjuguent pour offrir une réflexion d’une gamme d’experts sur la jurisprudence traditionnelle que sur les approches théoriques qui informent et façonnent la réglementation de l’économie du partage.
Publié en anglais.
About the authors
Derek McKee, A.B., B.C.L./LL.B., S.J.D., has been Professor of Law at the Université de Sherbrooke since 2012. His teaching and research focus on administrative law, tort law, and transnational law, including the relationship between domestic and international law in Canada. He is now professor at the Université de Montréal.
Finn Makela, B.A., M.A., LL.B/B.C.L., LL.D is an associate professor at the Faculty of Law, Université de Sherbrooke. His primary areas of teaching and research are labour and employment law, legal theory and legal methodology.
Teresa Scassa is the Canada Research Chair in Information Law at the University of Ottawa, where she is also a professor at the Faculty of Law. She is a founder and former editor of the Canadian Journal of Law and Technology; author of Canadian Trademark Law (LexisNexis, 2010); co-author of Electronic Commerce and Internet Law in Canada (CCH Canadian Ltd, 2012), which was the winner of the 2013 Walter Owen Book Prize; and co-author of Canadian Intellectual Property Law: Cases, Notes and Materials (Emond Montgomery, 2013). She is also a co-editor of the recently published Intellectual Property for the 21st Century: Interdisciplinary Approaches (Irwin Law, 2014). She is a member of the External Advisory Committee of the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada, and of the Canadian Government Advisory Committee on Open Government. She has written widely in the areas of intellectual property law, law and technology, and privacy.
Harry Arthurs is University Professor Emeritus and President Emeritus at York University. He has served as Dean of Osgoode Hall Law School (1972–77) and President of York University (1985–92). He is a former associate of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy.
Francesco Ducci is a doctoral candidate at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. He specializes in competition law as well as economic analysis of law.
Marie-Cécile Escande-Varniol is a senior lecturer at the Institut d’Études du Travail de Lyon (IETL), Université Lumière Lyon 2 (France). She is director of the Master Droit social, mobilité internationale des travailleurs. She is a member of the CERCRID (Centre de Recherche Critique sur le Droit.
Vincent Gautrais is Full Professor and L. R. Wilson Chair in Information Technology and E-commerce Law at the Faculty of Law, Université de Montréal. He is also the director of the Centre de recherche en droit public. He previously held the Université de Montréal Excellence Chair in Security and Internet Law.
Michael Geist is a law professor at the University of Ottawa, where he holds the Canada Research Chair of Internet and E-commerce Law. He has obtained a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) degree from Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto, Master of Laws (LL.M.) degrees from Cambridge University in the UK and Columbia Law School in New York, and a Doctorate in Law (J.S.D.) from Columbia Law School.
Dr. Geist has written numerous academic articles and government reports on the Internet and law, is a nationally syndicated columnist on technology law issues for the Toronto Star and Ottawa Citizen, is the editor of Internet and E-commerce Law in Canada and the Canadian Privacy Law Review (Butterworths), and is the author of the textbook Internet Law in Canada (Captus Press), which is now in its third edition. He is the author of the popular BNA's Internet Law News and maintains a popular blog on Internet and intellectual property law issues.
Dr. Geist is actively involved in national Internet policy development and was a member of Canada's National Task Force on Spam. He has received numerous awards for his work, including Canarie's IWAY Public Leadership Award for his contribution to the development of the Internet in Canada, and he was named one of Canada's Top 40 Under 40 in 2003.
Eran Kaplinsky (LLB, Tel Aviv University; LLM, SJD, University of Toronto) is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Alberta. Eran’s scholarship focuses on municipal, planning, and property law. He has taught courses in these areas at the University of Toronto, Ryerson University, and Université de Sherbrooke, in addition to the University of Alberta. This is his first scholarly contribution in the area of animal law.
Nofar Sheffi is a lecturer at the University of New South Wales Faculty of Law. She specializes in contract theory, law and technology, as well as critical and social legal theories.
Sabrina Tremblay-Huet. is a doctoral candidate and lecturer at the Université de Sherbrooke Faculty of Law. She specializes in tourism law, international human rights law, and critical legal theory.
Eric Tucker, B.A., LL.B., LL.M. is a professor at Osgoode Hall Law School, York University. He has published extensively on the history and current state of labour and employment law. He is the author of Administering Danger in the Workplace (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990) and co-author of Labour Before the Law: The Legal Regulation of Workers’ Collective Action (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001, with Judy Fudge) and Self-Employed Workers Organize (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005, with Cynthia Cranford, Judy Fudge, and Leah Vosko). He is also the editor of Working Disasters: The Politics of Recognition and Response (Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, 2006).
MARIANA VALVERDE is a Professor at University of Toronto Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies, and a Fellow of the Royal society of Canada. Her fields of study are the legal regulation of sexuality, sociolegal theory, historical sociology, and urban governance and law. She has written eight books, co-edited four anthologies and over 45 articles. In 2016 she received the Kalven prize of the Law and Society Association, for her longstanding contribution to empirical socio-legal scholarship. In addition to scholarly publishing, Mariana also writes for magazines, newspapers, and online forums, mostly on public-private infrastructure partnerships but occasionally on other topics; she has been published in The Conversation and Spacing Magazine. She lives in Toronto.
Other titles by Teresa Scassa
Other titles by Michael Geist
The Future of Open Data
Citizenship in a Connected Canada
A Research and Policy Agenda
Law, Privacy and Surveillance in Canada in the Post-Snowden Era
The Copyright Pentalogy
How the Supreme Court of Canada Shook the Foundations of Canadian Copyright Law
From "Radical Extremism" to "Balanced Copyright"
Canadian Copyright and the Digital Agenda
In the Public Interest
The Future of Canadian Copyright Law
Other titles by Eric Tucker
Canadian State Trials, Volume V
World War, Cold War, and Challenges to Sovereignty, 1939-1990
The Class Politics of Law
Essays Inspired by Harry Glasbeek
Canadian State Trials, Volume IV
Security, Dissent, and the Limits of Toleration in War and Peace, 1914-1939
Property on Trial
Canadian Cases in Context
Constitutional Labour Rights in Canada
Farm Workers and the Fraser Case
Work on Trial: Canadian Labour Law Struggles
Self-Employed Workers Organize
Law, Policy, and Unions
Labour Before the Law
The Regulation of Workers' Collective Action in Canada, 1900-1948
Labour Before the Law
The Regulation of Workers' Collective Action in Canada, 1900-1948
Administering Danger in the Workplace
The Law and Politics of Occupational Health and Safety Regulation in Ontario 1850-1914