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list price: $29.99
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published: Nov 2018
ISBN:9780776627533

Law and the "Sharing Economy"

Regulating Online Market Platforms

contributions by Francesco Ducci; Sabrina Tremblay-Huet; Mariana Valverde; Vincent Gautrais; Nofar Sheffi; Eric Tucker; Eran Kaplinsky; Marie-Cécile Escande-Varniol; Michael Geist; Harry Arthurs, edited by Finn Makela; Derek McKee & Teresa Scassa

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0 of 5
0 ratings
rated!
rated!
list price: $29.99
edition:eBook
also available: Paperback
published: Nov 2018
ISBN:9780776627533
Description

Controversy shrouds sharing economy platforms. It stems partially from the platforms’ economic impact, which is felt most acutely in certain sectors: Uber drivers compete with taxi drivers; Airbnb hosts compete with hotels. Other consequences lie elsewhere: Uber is associated with a trend toward low-paying, precarious work, whereas Airbnb is accused of exacerbating real estate speculation and raising the cost of long-term rental housing.
While governments in some jurisdictions have attempted to rein in the platforms, technology has enabled such companies to bypass conventional regulatory categories, generating accusations of “unfair competition” as well as debates about the merits of existing regulatory regimes. Indeed, the platforms blur a number of familiar distinctions, including personal versus commercial activity; infrastructure versus content; contractual autonomy versus hierarchical control. These ambiguities can stymie legal regimes that rely on these distinctions as organizing principles, including those relating to labour, competition, tax, insurance, information, the prohibition of discrimination, as well as specialized sectoral regulation. 
This book is organized around five themes: technologies of regulation; regulating technology; the sites of regulation (local to global); regulating markets; and regulating labour. Together, the chapters offer a rich variety of insights on the regulation of the sharing economy, both in terms of the traditional areas of law they bring to bear, and the theoretical perspectives that inform their analysis. 
This book is published in English.
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La controverse entoure les plateformes d’économie de partage, partiellement en raison de leur impact économique. Certains secteurs subissent des contrecoups de manière plus aigüe : les chauffeurs d’Uber font concurrence aux chauffeurs de taxi, ou les hôtes Airbnb rivalisent avec les hôtels. Par ailleurs, Uber exacerberait l’emploi précaire et mal rémunéré tandis qu’Airbnb amplifierait la spéculation immobilière et entraînerait, à terme, une hausse du coût de location.
On a tenté de réglementer ce type de plateformes, mais la technologie est telle qu’elle permet aux entreprises d’aisément contourner la réglementation conventionnelle, si bien que les accusations de « concurrence déloyale » fusent de toutes parts, provoquant une remise en question du cadre réglementaire. En effet, de telles plateformes viennent brouiller les cartes, confondant les distinctions convenues entre personnel et commercial, infrastructure et contenu, autonomie contractuelle et contrôle hiérarchique. Cette ambiguïté peut avoir d’importantes répercussions sur le bon fonctionnement de l’appareil réglementaire qui encadre les principes organisateurs du travail, de la concurrence, de l’impôt, de l’assurance, de l’information et de de l’interdiction de la discrimination, sans parler de la réglementation sectorielle spécialisée.
Cinq thématiques sont abordées dans cet ouvrage : les technologies de la réglementation; la réglementation de la technologie; les lieux de la réglementation (du local au mondial); la réglementation des marchés; et la réglementation du travail. Les chapitres se conjuguent pour offrir une réflexion d’une gamme d’experts sur la jurisprudence traditionnelle que sur les approches théoriques qui informent et façonnent la réglementation de l’économie du partage.
Ce livre est publié en anglais.

About the Authors
Francesco Ducci is a doctoral candidate at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. He specializes in competition law as well as economic analysis of law.
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Sabrina Tremblay-Huet. is a doctoral candidate and lecturer at the Université de Sherbrooke Faculty of Law. She specializes in tourism law, international human rights law, and critical legal theory.
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Mariana Valverde is the director of the University of Toronto's Centre of Criminology, a noted international research center. She is the author of several books on questions of law and social control and has participated in many community organizations. She lives in Toronto, Ontario.
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Finn Makela, B.A., M.A., LL.B/B.C.L., LL.D is an associate professor at the Faculty of Law, Université de Sherbrooke. His primary areas of teaching and research are labour and employment law, legal theory and legal methodology.
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Derek McKee, A.B., B.C.L./LL.B., S.J.D., has been Professor of Law at the Université de Sherbrooke since 2012. His teaching and research focus on administrative law, tort law, and transnational law, including the relationship between domestic and international law in Canada. He is now professor at the Université de Montréal.
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Vincent Gautrais is Full Professor and L. R. Wilson Chair in Information Technology and E-commerce Law at the Faculty of Law, Université de Montréal. He is also the director of the Centre de recherche en droit public. He previously held the Université de Montréal Excellence Chair in Security and Internet Law.
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Nofar Sheffi is a lecturer at the University of New South Wales Faculty of Law. She specializes in contract theory, law and technology, as well as critical and social legal theories.
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Eric Tucker, B.A., LL.B., LL.M. is a professor at Osgoode Hall Law School, York University. He has published extensively on the history and current state of labour and employment law. He is the author of Administering Danger in the Workplace (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990) and co-author of Labour Before the Law: The Legal Regulation of Workers’ Collective Action (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001, with Judy Fudge) and Self-Employed Workers Organize (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005, with Cynthia Cranford, Judy Fudge, and Leah Vosko). He is also the editor of Working Disasters: The Politics of Recognition and Response (Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, 2006).
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Eran Kaplinsky is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Alberta. His research and teaching interests include land use planning and regulation, municipal law, property law, expropriation and compensation, and economic analysis of law.
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Teresa Scassa is the Canada Research Chair in Information Law at the University of Ottawa, where she is also a Professor at the Faculty of Law (Common Law Section). She holds degrees in civil and common law from McGill University and an LLM and a doctoral degree in law from the University of Michigan. She is a co-founder and former co-editor of the Canadian Journal of Law and Technology, author of the book Canadian Trademark Law (Lexis­Nexis, 2010) and co-author of Electronic Commerce and Internet Law in Canada, 2d ed (CCH Canadian Ltd, 2012). She is a member of the External Advisory Committee of the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada and of the Canadian Government Advisory Committee on Open Government. Dr. Scassa has written widely in the areas of intellectual property law, law and technology, and privacy. She is also the author or co-author of a number of articles on ambush marketing legislation.
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Marie-Cécile Escande-Varniol is a senior lecturer at the Institut d’Études du Travail de Lyon (IETL), Université Lumière Lyon 2 (France). She is director of the Master Droit social, mobilité internationale des travailleurs. She is a member of the CERCRID (Centre de Recherche Critique sur le Droit.
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Marie-Cécile Escande-Varniol is a senior lecturer at the Institut d’Études du Travail de Lyon (IETL), Université Lumière Lyon 2 (France). She is director of the Master Droit social, mobilité internationale des travailleurs. She is a member of the CERCRID (Centre de Recherche Critique sur le Droit.
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Harry Arthurs is University Professor Emeritus and President Emeritus at York University. He has served as Dean of Osgoode Hall Law School (1972–77) and President of York University (1985–92). He is a former associate of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy.
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