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Nature General

The Apple

A History Of Canada's Perfect Fruit

by (author) Carol Martin

McArthur & Company
Initial publish date
Jul 2006
  • Paperback / softback

    Publish Date
    Jul 2006
    List Price

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Big, luscious, red yellow or green apples! Who doesn't enjoy them? But they are so familiar that we take them for granted.Apples have been a part of Canadian life ever since the first European settlers arrived in the early years of the 17th century. In the east, Champlain led his tiny colony to Hochelaga (Quebec City) and brought along young saplings to be planted. In the west, Sir George Simpson arrived to found the most westerly Hudson's Bay company fort with apple seeds tucked into his vest pocket. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries horticulturalists across the country worked to develop varieties of eating apples that could withstand Canadian winters.Why were apples so desirable? For early immigrants, they provided a sweet and healthy addition to their sometimes meagre diet, and dried they were available for use all year round. But, most of all, apples could easily be turned into cider, the ubiquitous drink of the times. Native people too welcomed these cultivated apples that were such an improvement over the small, hard crabapples they were accustomed to.Before long, apples were a major part of the Canadian economy: fruit was being shipped by the boatload to Europe and the northern United States. All this, including the story of the discovery of our own McIntosh, popular the world over, is told in THE APPLE: A HISTORY OF CANADA'S PERFECT FRUIT.

About the author

Carol Martin is an editor and the author of several books of non-fiction, including Arthur Lismer, North: Landscape of the Imagination and Canadian Nomads: Canadian Travel Writing in the Twentieth Century. She has written book reviews for the Toronto Star and the Kingston Whig-Standard and is a member of the editorial board of Canadian Forum. Her young adult biography, Martha Black: Gold Rush Pioneer, is a gripping account of one woman's strength and endurance during the Yukon Gold Rush. Carol lives in Thomasburg, Ontario.

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